Lifting the Veil from USB Type-C Bus

Since the launch in 1995, Universal Serial Bus (USB) has proved itself as the most successful ever computing interface. Nowadays tens of billions of electronic devices are connected together due to it. It goes without saying that this bus has outlived a few modifications, each distinguished by higher speed and reliability. Thus, today the community is able to revel in a completely new modification – USB Type-C – that forecasts a lot privileges of connectivity process. Let’s see what users will get with a new bus.



Layout and Connectivity


In physical terms, Type-C is a bit larger than USB 2.0 Micro-B but a bit tinier than binary USB 3.0 Micro-B, featuring 8.34x2.56 mm. Such dimensions enable its connection to the devices of any type, including the thinnest smartphones/tablets. The oval-shaped socket houses 24 contact outputs (to compare: USB 3.0 sockets feature only 9 outputs).


The most outstanding physical peculiarity of Type-C is a symmetric connector that …

Zalman Intros CNPS8X Optima CPU Cooler

Zalman is considered to be a key player in PC hardware field mainly due to a perfect combination of quality, functionality and price tags. CPU coolers are not an exception, since they ensure efficient and low-noise cooling of hard-hitting processors. The company’s latest CNPS8X Optima cooler is all about innovation that turns it around. Improved framework makes the model compatible with practically all platforms from Intel and AMD, save for Intel Socket LGA 2011/2011-v3/1366.



Zalman CNPS8x Optima employs a large heatsink, three copper heatpipes, and a single 92 mm fan. The latter is based on long-life bearing and features 4-contact connector. It is able to rotate at about 1200 RPM, producing not more than 30 dB noise.


The list of innovative technologies integrated into the cooler includes:


— Direct Touch Heatpipe (DTH) technology wherein all three heatpipes are in direct touch with a heatspreader. This accelerates heat dissipation process, enhancing overall …

Greet Fractal Design Kelvin Liquid Coolers in Various Configurations

Fractal Design comes out with a new series of liquid coolers. The ‘Kelvin’ lineup is introduced by three models – T12, S24, S36 – which are differentiated by the amount of fans. The triple is targeting any up-to-date system based on Intel or AMD CPUs (Intel LGA 2011/1366/1150 and AMD FM2+/FM2/FM1/AM2+/AM2/AM3+/AM3). Their price is set at $99.99, $119.99 and $139.99 for one-fan, two-fan and three-fan model correspondingly.



Fractal Design Kelvin coolers boast an enclosed design that does not require additional maintenance during operation. They consist of a waterblock with a copper base, a powerful pump with a ceramic bearing, a copper heatspreader, and 1/2/3 Silent HP fans (of 120 mm dimensional type). The latter support PWM technology that adjusts rotational speed within 700-1700 PRM ranges; they are ready to produce up to 62.4 CFM airflow at 26.9 dB noise.


It should be noted that ‘Kelvin’ coolers might be expanded by new components. For instance, the T12 is …
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Registered at: 10 March 2012, 08:34
Last visit: 30 May 2016, 06:56